Top Engineering Careers (With Duties and Average Salary)


Thu, 07/14/2022 - 15:53

Since there are a lot of opportunities in the engineering field and hence it is one of the most sought career options by students. Various career options in engineering offer the opportunity for creative thinking, innovative experimentation, and intriguing design and development. You can get an opportunity to work in construction, aeronautics, biomedicine, software design, textiles, or whichever industry you are interested in.

So here in this article, we have mentioned what is engineering, what qualifications are required, and the 15 best engineering career options, along with their roles, responsibilities, and average salary.

What is engineering?

Engineering studies constitute the study of the application of scientific principles related to design, development, construction, manufacturing, and production. Almost every field and industry, from manufacturing and production to shipping and construction, are included in the vast scope of engineering. By using their in-depth knowledge of mathematics, science, and computer applications, engineers design, build and test a wide range of structures, machines, and processes. So, if you are interested in pursuing a career that involves problem-solving, experimentation, and machine development, a career in engineering may suit you.

Qualifications Required for Engineering

To make a career in engineering, you will need to have some advanced-level educational qualifications. Bachelor of Technology (B.Tech.)/ Bachelor of Engineering (B.E.) degrees are mandatory for a career in engineering. If you wish to be a senior-level engineer, then you may need a Master of Technology (M.Tech.), Master of Engineering (M.E.), or Ph.D.

Common Engineering Entrance Exams

To gain admission to these programs, you will need to pass various college entrance exams. Joint Entrance Examination Main (JEE), is one of the most common engineering entrance exams for admission into undergraduate degree courses like B.E. and B.Tech under some reputed universities like the National Institutes of Technology (NITs), and many more. But if you want to study at the Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), then you will have to qualify for the JEE Advanced exam. Apart from these, some other popular entrance exams for admission into undergraduate engineering courses include

  • The West Bengal Joint Entrance Examination (WBJEE)
  • The Birla Institute of Technology and Science Admission Test (BITSAT)
  • The Maharashtra Common Entrance Test (MHT CET)
  • The Manipal Entrance Test (MET)

After the completion of your earning your B.E. or B.Tech. degree, you can further take a postgraduate level entrance exam, like the Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE) for gaining admission to an M.E. or M.Tech. course.

  1. Metallurgical Engineer

Metallurgical Engineers, also known as Metallurgist are materials scientist who specializes in metals such as Aluminium, Iron, Copper, and Steel. They may also study alloys (a mixture of metals and other elements). They are required to examine the performance of metals and determine their uses. They combine metals to create certain desired shapes or properties. They also evaluate, recommend and implement metallurgical sampling and analyses.

Average salary: ₹ 354085 per annum.

  1. Aeronautical Engineer

Aeronautical Engineers are professionals who design develops, manufacture, maintain, and modify both military and civil aircraft. They utilize their technical knowledge to improve flight safety and fuel efficiency and reduce costs and address the environmental impact of air travel.

Aeronautical engineers may also work with space aircraft such as satellites or robots. They may also contribute their work in the automobile industry as well as fans, turbines, high-speed trains, and UAVs.

Average salary: ₹ 706901 per annum.

  1. Automotive Engineer

Automotive engineers are professional who designs, develops, and manufactures motor vehicles including cars, buses, motorcycles, trucks, and their engineering systems. An automotive Engineer requires a combination of engineering and commercial skills to successfully deliver the project within the allotted time and budget. They solve engineering problems utilizing the principles of mechanical, electrical, hydraulic, and thermodynamics principles.

Average salary: ₹ 614451 per annum.

  1. Software Engineer

Software engineering is one of the most sought career options in the IT industry. These are computer science professionals who are responsible for designing and developing computer software. They possess extensive knowledge of programming languages, computer operating systems, and software development. They apply mathematical analysis and engineering principles to develop software that meets the clients’/employers’ requirements.

Average salary: 591463 per annum.

  1. Civil Engineer

Civil Engineering professionals that are employed in the construction industry. Their work responsibility includes designing and overseeing the construction of public works such as roads, bridges, tunnels, buildings, airports, dams, and water and sewage systems. They apply their scientific knowledge to improve the infrastructure and common utilities by project designing, planning, and construction processes that fulfill the basic human requirements. They work along with surveyors, construction managers, landscape architects, architects, and urban planners.

Average salary: ₹ 308379 per annum.

  1. Mechanical Engineer

Mechanical Engineers are responsible for designing, manufacturing, and evaluating mechanical devices which include industrial machinery, heating, and cooling systems, robotics, tools, and transportation systems. They conduct experiments and evaluations to improve the product designs and also analyses problems and develop solutions to resolve them. They create the product designs using CAD technology. Mechanical Engineers are also responsible for writing technical documentation for machine operators. They also work along with project managers and engineers in the team.

Average salary: ₹ 351951 per annum.

  1. Data Scientist

Data Scientists are data wrangler who gathers and analyze large sets of structured and unstructured data. Their career is a combination of both Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning careers. They are responsible for analyzing, processing, and modeling data and further interpreting the results to create actionable plans for employing organizations and others. They identify the patents in the structured data, analyze them and make future predictions accordingly. This will help businesses to make crucial decisions and uncover solutions to business problems.

Average salary: ₹ 860454 per annum.

  1. Electronics Engineer

Electronics Engineers are responsible for designing, developing, and testing components, systems, devices, or equipment. They utilize electricity as part of their source of power. They contribute themselves to the designing and development stage of a project by testing prototypes, manufacturing, and implementing a new product or system. These components majorly include capacitors, diodes, resistors, and capacitors.

Average salary: ₹ 409057 per annum.

  1. Network Architect

Network Architect professionals are responsible for designing and building data communication networks. They work on various network ranges such as smaller network LAN (Local Area Network) to a larger network known as WAN (Wide Area Network) as well as intranets. They manage the infrastructure of computer networks which involves the installation of routers, cables, modems, and other necessary software and hardware to ensure they operate efficiently. They work in numerous industries including telecommunications, finance, insurance, and computer systems design services. They also observe the network and perform the network modeling tasks to assess future requirements.

Average salary: ₹ 1947515 per annum.

  1. Biomedical engineer

Biomedical engineers work in the medical science industry. They are responsible for designing and developing medical devices, equipment, systems, and software for healthcare treatments and computer-aided surgery. Implementing, testing, calibrating, modifying, and repairing biomedical devices such as diagnostic tools, artificial organs, engineered tissue, and limb replacement are all tasks that biomedical engineers perform. They might produce user guides, technical reports, research papers, and product documentation. They might also instruct engineers, scientists, and medical professionals in safety procedures.

Average salary : ₹ 2,31,669 per year

  1. Petroleum engineer

Petroleum engineering focuses on finding the best methods to extract gas oil from underground reserves found onshore and offshore. For safe and successful extraction operations in oil and gas fields, petroleum engineers create and employ drilling tools and techniques. They typically work along with geologists to design and carry out drilling operations for both new and current oil reserves.

Average salary: ₹2,41,350 per year

  1. Nuclear engineer

Nuclear engineers research radioactivity of the materials, nuclear power, and radiations. They create methods and processes to use these resources for industrial or medical purposes. They also develop safety guidelines for handling nuclear materials.

Average salary: ₹2,79,851 per year

  1. Environmental engineer

Environmental engineers focus on developing projects and technologies to protect the environment. They also work to enhance wastewater management, environmental remediation, and soil quality in addition to minimizing air pollution, ozone depletion, and water-borne infections. To make sure everything complies with the rules and regulations, they also keep an eye on construction sites, excavation sites, and industrial facilities.

Average salary: ₹2,91,617 per year

  1. Marine engineer

The marine engineers look after the internal systems of the ships, sailboats, aircraft carriers, tankers, and submarines. The steering propulsion, refrigeration, and electrical systems of these vessels are designed and constructed by marine engineers. They study the water conditions to identify potential threats to the instruments and devise ways to manage them.

Average salary: ₹ 4,39,820 per annum

  1. Materials engineer

The materials engineers study the chemical, electrical and mechanical properties of ceramics, composites, plastics, metals, and other materials and assess their usefulness for various product applications. They create and refine these materials before using analytical tools to evaluate samples. They then use the information obtained to suggest particular materials for the creation of particular items.

Average salary: ₹ 2,97,927 per year


As you can see, the engineering field brings vast opportunities for fellow graduates. Various courses offer technological advancements and innovations to cater the needs of mankind and improve their lifestyle. There are various jobs in different industries like medicine, IT, construction, food and agriculture, manufacturing, transportation, and others. All you need is to find in which field your skills and interests lie.